Forensic ballistics is the examination of evidence relating to firearms at a crime scene, including the effects and behavior of projectiles and explosive devices.

Forensics ballistics experts specialize in looking at anything that has to do with firearms, from identification of a specific round or weapon to determining the trajectory of a bullet. Ballistics experts can identify the caliber of a round and, with the help of national databases, can learn where the bullet was manufactured and possibly even the gun that fired it.

Additionally, forensic ballistics experts may be involved in crime scene mapping. With computer-aided design programs, photogrammetry and laser measuring tools, ballistics experts can determine the location from which a round was fired or the direction it traveled, making the search for physical evidence easier. These crime scene maps can be used to create diagrams for police reports or courtroom presentations.

Ballistics experts may be called to lift fingerprints from spent shell casings or help collect DNA samples from expended rounds.

The job of a forensic ballistics expert often includes:
•    Collecting evidence
•    Performing gunshot residue analysis
•    Photographing crime scenes
•    Analyzing firearms evidence
•    Identifying the caliber of bullets
•    Identifying the type of firearm used
•    Firing test rounds

Bring the extensive experience of the Keith Borer Consultants team of Firearms Experts to any matters involving firearms and ballistics that you may have. Our firearms experts prepare reports for use in criminal and civil cases involving many types of firearms, ammunition and imitation firearms, including toy guns, airguns, hand guns, stun guns, deactivated weapons, rifles, shotguns and homemade guns.

Our work predominantly falls into 4 categories:
•    Classification of firearms and ammunition according to current legislation, including test firing when required and assessment of lethality.
•    Reporting on the mechanical condition of firearms and deactivated firearms, including damage, modifications, effectiveness of deactivation work and health & safety issues.
•    Comparison of cartridge cases and bullets from a scene or deceased/injured person with those test fired from an alleged crime firearm.
•    Ballistics’ analysis and reconstruction of complex shooting incidents by consideration of the capability of particular weapons and ammunition, interpretation of wounds and damage caused by the discharge of firearms, and the determination of the range and trajectory of shots fired.

Our experts  prepare reports on the functionality of weapons not classed as firearms, such as crossbows and harpoon guns.