Such cases typically range from allegations of inappropriate touching through to anal, oral and vaginal rape.

During the Police investigation into the incident various Forensic examinations might take place involving items recovered from the scene, clothing from victim and suspect(s), and intimate swab samples taken from victim / suspect during subsequent medical examinations.

The Forensic techniques that are often used in the examination of the various items include:
•    DNA profiling on body fluids
•    Identification and distribution of semen, including aspermic semen
•    Saliva detection and distribution
•    Fibre transfer
•    Injuries sustained by victim
•    Damage to clothing
•    Toxicology tests on blood / urine samples in respect of alcohol / drug levels

In some cases, a defendant may either deny any involvement in the crime, or alternatively provide an account of their involvement, and in the latter, the interpretation of the Forensic evidence might have to be re-evaluated in light of the information provided by the defendant.